The Vatican is a monarchical and sovereign state within the city of Rome the capital of Italy. In 1929 the Lateran Treaty was signed between Italy and the Holy See and thus a legal entity was born, the independent state of the Vatican.
The document gave the Vatican autonomy to the enclave, making it a geographic, spiritual and governmental center of the Roman Catholic Church, and home to the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope. The Vatican is the smallest country in the world, with an area of 0.44 km² (44 hectares) and a population of approximately 800 inhabitants.
The game is not legally defined
To some extent, the Vatican is a different legal jurisdiction from the rest of Italy. Legal matters are also separate from the Church and its Holy See. However, the intertwining of the two entities makes it difficult to distinguish legal boundaries and authority in legal matters.
Because the Vatican’s judicial system is unique in the world, the Pope is the head of the Church and also exercises full authority over all executive organs of the Vatican State.
The Vatican’s judicial system consists of a single judge with limited control, a tribunal, a court of appeals and a supreme court. In the recent past, the laws were based primarily on their Italian counterparts, but recently they have begun to change.
The official legal status of online gambling in the Vatican state is completely uncertain, due to its specific nature.
The Vatican has no physical casinos, gambling stores or gaming facilities within its territory. In general, gambling does not receive much attention for one reason alone – its population is too small to constitute a significant gambling market (although the online gambling market could operate).
Be that as it may, online gambling is not defined in the Vatican’s legislative system. It can be said that the situation of online gambling is neither legal nor illegal.
Until today, gambling has never been mentioned by the Pope or other legal entities. As we know, until now, the Catholic faith considers gambling as something of a sin, due to its addictive aspects and the negative influence it can have on the family unit, on minors and on the general well-being of the civic community.
However, although its attitude is strict, the Catholic Church has on many occasions celebrated or supported bingo games in various communities. But never, of course, as anything more than charitable fundraising events for adults and children, providing assistance with school enrollment or helping with various projects in their parishes.